HISTORICAL: Journal of History and Social Sciences https://historical.pdfaii.org/index.php/i <p>HISTORICAL: Journal of History and Social Sciences is a peer reviewed journal published by Perkumpulan Dosen Fakultas Agama Islam Indramayu. The journal is aimed at spreading the research results conducted by academicians, researchers, and practitioners in the field of history and Social Sciences. The scope of the area in the field of "History" included local history, social history, cultural history, history of science, history of education, historical material In social studies, historiography, history of intellectuals, religion history, Islamic history and civilization. The term “Social Sciences” includes relevant disciplines like economics, management, sociology, psychology, anthropology, geography. communication studies, law, cultural studies, Political Issues, Political sciences and public policy, Government, public administration studies, Population studies, Media studies, development studies, Tourism, and other related disciplines. The journal is published four times a year (March, June, September and December).</p> Perkumpulan Dosen Fakultas Agama Islam Indramayu en-US HISTORICAL: Journal of History and Social Sciences 2964-1489 Psychological Dynamics of Unmarried Adult Women in Sandwich Generations Families https://historical.pdfaii.org/index.php/i/article/view/93 <p>Adult women who are old enough but have not yet married in their families or communities in Indonesia are the targets of stigma. There are many factors that make women unmarried, some of which are due to being the breadwinner of the family (sandwich generation), focusing on work and career, continuing education, trauma, either from a partner or from past family experiences, and not having found the right partner. This research aims to explore the psychological dynamics of unmarried adult women in sandwich geenartion families. The research uses a qualitative analysis method with descriptive phenomenology to determine the psychological dynamics of unmarried adult women in sandwich generation families. The data collection method uses interview techniques for in-depth exploration and comprehensive observation of a phenomenon that is the object of research. The data sources in this research use primary data sources and secondary data sources. The psychological dynamics of unmarried adult women in generational sandwich families consists of three main loci, namely cognition, affection and conation which include multiple roles, pressure and social expectations towards them. This can include helping adult women find a balance between their roles, dealing with internal conflicts, and communicating their needs and expectations clearly to their families.</p> Aryani Pamukti Elok Halimatus Sa’diyah Copyright (c) 2024 Aryani Pamukti, Elok Halimatus Sa’diyah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-02-10 2024-02-10 3 1 1 10 10.58355/historical.v3i1.93 Molding the Future: The Integral Role of Leadership Styles in Shaping Organizational Success https://historical.pdfaii.org/index.php/i/article/view/101 <p>This research provides a comprehensive examination of various leadership styles and their impact on organizational success. The study delves into the characteristics and effects of transformational, transactional, autocratic, democratic, authentic, spiritual, knowledge-oriented, and leadership commitment styles on key organizational outcomes such as employee satisfaction, innovation, and financial performance. Transformational leadership is highlighted for its ability to inspire and engage employees, fostering an environment conducive to innovation and adaptability. Transactional leadership, while effective in stable and predictable environments, shows limitations in dynamic settings requiring creativity. Autocratic leadership, often associated with diminished employee morale, contrasts with democratic leadership, which promotes employee participation and satisfaction. Authentic leadership emerges as a significant contributor to a positive organizational climate, emphasizing ethical behavior and trust. Spiritual leadership is recognized for aligning personal and organizational values, enhancing job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Knowledge-oriented leadership is identified as crucial in technology-driven sectors for fostering innovation and managing complex information flows. Leadership commitment is emphasized for its role in driving organizational change and performance. The study concludes that effective leadership requires adaptability and contextual awareness, with no single style being universally effective. The findings suggest that a blend of leadership styles, tailored to specific organizational contexts, can lead to enhanced organizational performance and success. This research contributes to the field of organizational behavior by providing insights into the effective application of diverse leadership styles in varying organizational contexts.</p> Ain Najihah Copyright (c) 2024 Ain Najihah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 3 1 11 25 10.58355/historical.v3i1.101