HISTORICAL: Journal of History and Social Sciences 2024-02-26T04:03:24+00:00 Lukman Hakim Open Journal Systems <p>HISTORICAL: Journal of History and Social Sciences is a peer reviewed journal published by Perkumpulan Dosen Fakultas Agama Islam Indramayu. The journal is aimed at spreading the research results conducted by academicians, researchers, and practitioners in the field of history and Social Sciences. The scope of the area in the field of "History" included local history, social history, cultural history, history of science, history of education, historical material In social studies, historiography, history of intellectuals, religion history, Islamic history and civilization. The term “Social Sciences” includes relevant disciplines like economics, management, sociology, psychology, anthropology, geography. communication studies, law, cultural studies, Political Issues, Political sciences and public policy, Government, public administration studies, Population studies, Media studies, development studies, Tourism, and other related disciplines. The journal is published four times a year (March, June, September and December).</p> Psychological Dynamics of Unmarried Adult Women in Sandwich Generations Families 2023-12-04T13:30:07+00:00 Aryani Pamukti Elok Halimatus Sa’diyah <p>Adult women who are old enough but have not yet married in their families or communities in Indonesia are the targets of stigma. There are many factors that make women unmarried, some of which are due to being the breadwinner of the family (sandwich generation), focusing on work and career, continuing education, trauma, either from a partner or from past family experiences, and not having found the right partner. This research aims to explore the psychological dynamics of unmarried adult women in sandwich geenartion families. The research uses a qualitative analysis method with descriptive phenomenology to determine the psychological dynamics of unmarried adult women in sandwich generation families. The data collection method uses interview techniques for in-depth exploration and comprehensive observation of a phenomenon that is the object of research. The data sources in this research use primary data sources and secondary data sources. The psychological dynamics of unmarried adult women in generational sandwich families consists of three main loci, namely cognition, affection and conation which include multiple roles, pressure and social expectations towards them. This can include helping adult women find a balance between their roles, dealing with internal conflicts, and communicating their needs and expectations clearly to their families.</p> 2024-02-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Aryani Pamukti, Elok Halimatus Sa’diyah Molding the Future: The Integral Role of Leadership Styles in Shaping Organizational Success 2024-01-10T01:50:31+00:00 Ain Najihah <p>This research provides a comprehensive examination of various leadership styles and their impact on organizational success. The study delves into the characteristics and effects of transformational, transactional, autocratic, democratic, authentic, spiritual, knowledge-oriented, and leadership commitment styles on key organizational outcomes such as employee satisfaction, innovation, and financial performance. Transformational leadership is highlighted for its ability to inspire and engage employees, fostering an environment conducive to innovation and adaptability. Transactional leadership, while effective in stable and predictable environments, shows limitations in dynamic settings requiring creativity. Autocratic leadership, often associated with diminished employee morale, contrasts with democratic leadership, which promotes employee participation and satisfaction. Authentic leadership emerges as a significant contributor to a positive organizational climate, emphasizing ethical behavior and trust. Spiritual leadership is recognized for aligning personal and organizational values, enhancing job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Knowledge-oriented leadership is identified as crucial in technology-driven sectors for fostering innovation and managing complex information flows. Leadership commitment is emphasized for its role in driving organizational change and performance. The study concludes that effective leadership requires adaptability and contextual awareness, with no single style being universally effective. The findings suggest that a blend of leadership styles, tailored to specific organizational contexts, can lead to enhanced organizational performance and success. This research contributes to the field of organizational behavior by providing insights into the effective application of diverse leadership styles in varying organizational contexts.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ain Najihah An Examination of the Intricacies and Potentialities of Interreligious and Interfaith Matrimonial Unions in Modern Times 2024-02-26T04:03:24+00:00 Murshida Khatun Md Amirul Islam Md. Habibur Rahman Md Ashraful Amin <p style="margin: 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-US">This study looks at the challenges and benefits of interreligious and interfaith marriages. It looks at how different beliefs, values, and practices affect personal relationships and the way a family works. Using a qualitative research approach, we conducted in-depth investigations and research on interreligious and interfaith marriages to gain insight into the various measurements in different countries and religions. Interfaith marriage is prohibited in many religions, but in the present it is normal. Especially in Christianity, interfaith marriage is popular at differing ages, like before 25, 26–35, and 36–45, with a percentage of 48, 58, and 67. Our findings suggest that while these marriages can be challenging, they also offer opportunities for personal growth, greater understanding of different religious traditions, and the promotion of interfaith dialogue and cooperation.</span></p> 2024-03-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Murshida Khatun, Md Amirul Islam, Md. Habibur Rahman, Md Ashraful Amin The Meaning of Studying Batik Art to Create Character Education in Cultural History 2024-02-02T01:39:43+00:00 Muhammad Rico Dewicca Fatma Nadilla <p>The aim of writing this article is to analyze the importance of studying Batik art in order to create character in cultural history, which is important to prevent moral degradation in young people. The research method used is a literature study prepared in the same way as other studies; however, data was collected through library sources by reading, taking notes, and analyzing research materials from papers about the variables studied. The results of the research show changes in the use of Batik art in ancient times and now, which in the past was only used by the kings and their families, which is different from now which can be used by all groups and other regions also have batik with their own regional characteristics. Character education includes education on values, manners, morals and character which aims to develop students' ability to make good and bad decisions, maintain the good and realize that goodness in everyday life wholeheartedly, considering how important the scope of character education is, it is a The character education process must include the totality of students' potential, both in cognitive, affective and psychomotor aspects.</p> 2024-03-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Muhammad Rico, Dewicca Fatma Nadilla The Role of Virtual Communities in Encouraging Social Interaction in the Digital Era 2023-12-20T01:50:13+00:00 Aulia Iswaratama <p>Virtual communities have become a significant platform in facilitating social interaction in the digital era. With the development of information and communication technology, individuals can connect with each other without being limited by geographic boundaries. This article discusses the role of virtual communities in providing diverse social interactions, allowing individuals to share knowledge, interests, and experiences with fellow community members. Apart from that, this article will also discuss how virtual communities are able to facilitate the formation of strong social relationships, support the exchange of useful information, and expand individual social networks. Thus, virtual communities are not only spaces for social interaction, but also places where individuals can develop their social identities in a positive way.</p> 2024-03-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Aulia Iswaratama Sociology as a Basis for Curriculum Development for Islamic Religious Education 2024-02-02T01:41:07+00:00 Farida Ummami Khozin <p>The purpose of this article is to explain how sociological foundations are the basis for developing the Islamic religious education curriculum. This article uses qualitative research methods, data collection techniques using library research. Library research includes four stages: preparing necessary documents, preparing reference materials, managing time, reading and recording research materials. The results of sociological research are the basis for developing an Islamic religious education curriculum with a focus on introducing culture and the rules of science and technology by maximizing technological developments in learning activities. The world of Islamic religious education experiences a number of significant shifts periodically; Therefore, to compensate for this shift, it is necessary to develop an appropriate curriculum that is supported by a solid foundation. The direction of development goals is understood to ensure that appropriate principles must be applied when designing the Islamic religious education curriculum. The application of sociology in curriculum development contributes to the theoretical and practical development of the Islamic religious education curriculum and can increase authority in decision making regarding Islamic religious education regarding the Islamic religious education curriculum.</p> 2024-03-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Farida Ummami, Khozin The Ideality of the Kiai's Role in Practical Political Constellations 2024-02-10T02:19:42+00:00 Nani Widiawati <p>This research aims to find a philosophical basis for the ideal position of kiai in practical political constellations. This study is a qualitative research with a literature study design and descriptive method focusing on finding the ideal concept of kiai in politics based on its reality dimensions. The research results show that kiai and politics in Islam are two things that are synergistic, kiai is a prototypical representation of the Prophet's heirs who appear as an active agent of social change, and the kiai's ideality in politics ultimately returns to the kiai's own consistency. In politics which is filled with intrigue and conflict, political leaders must be able to minimize conflict and act as problem solvers. If not, then religious positions can become instruments of power. Kiai must be able to realize his sociological role as agent of change consistently because politics is not just a tool of power but the science of how to build universal benefit.</p> 2024-03-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Nani Widiawati